20 Biggest Advances in Tech Over the Last 20 Years

During the past twenty years, we have seen a number of advancements in technology. While some of these advances have been relatively small, others have had a huge impact on our lives. In fact, it’s fair to say that the advances we’ve seen in the past two decades have been pretty amazing.


Among the biggest advances in technology over the last twenty years is the introduction of smartphones. These small devices have transformed the way people communicate and interact with their world.

Smartphones have allowed companies to save money and connect customers from all over the world. They also offer an instant connection to users, who can access information at their fingertips. They provide a platform for new technologies such as virtual reality and artificial intelligence voice assistants. They are expected to become obsolete in the near future.

In fact, the first smartphone, the iPhone, was introduced in 2007. It revolutionized the mobile market and changed the way people communicated with each other. But it was not immediately popular. And Apple did not dominate the market. In fact, Motorola and Nokia were the biggest mobile phone manufacturers in the early 2000s.

Flash Drives

Several years ago, the first flash drive was created. This revolutionary device was designed to replace floppy disks, DVDs, and CDs. It was based on the earlier EPROM and EEPROM technologies. Those were limited in terms of capacity and required complex high-voltage drive circuitry.

Flash drives are generally smaller and faster than other devices. These days, they are also used in digital cameras, cell phones, and music players. Some drives also offer expandable storage by way of an internal memory card slot.

Flash drives are also more resistant to electromagnetic interference. Flash drives are generally not affected by surface scratches or short circuits. Some flash drives are protected by a plastic or metal case.

The cost of flash memory has fallen dramatically in the last few years. A 128 GB flash drive costs $20 at Amazon.


During the past decade, Skype has changed the way people connect and communicate. It is an innovative communications tool that uses a decentralized peer-to-peer network to make PC-to-PC calls. Skype is used by people all over the world.

It is used for personal and professional calls. In addition, Skype also allows users to share processing tasks. It is one of the earliest applications of VoIP.

Skype has been called the “disruptor” of technology. The service is a free software client that uses P2P technology to make calls. It allows users to talk on computer to computer, computer to phone, and phone to computer.

In February of 2008, Skype appointed Josh Silverman as its chief executive officer. Silverman was able to stabilize the company after the departure of its two co-founders.

Google search engine

Among the many things Google has done, it has also pioneered in the defense space. For instance, it has been one of the largest consumers of renewable energy in the world. Alphabet has invested in renewable energy sources such as Dandelion Energy. In the last year, no company in North America has purchased more renewable energy.

The company has also made the bold claim that it has offset its legacy carbon footprint. This has been achieved through a variety of means, including purchasing renewable energy and consuming less energy than it produces.

The company is also leveraging its search capabilities to disrupt online travel agencies. Its smart hotel search is one example. The company also has a number of partnerships with banks. It will be able to collect valuable data about banks and their customers, enabling it to offer a variety of services to its users.

Google Maps

Getting lost is now impossible with Google Maps. This popular web mapping technology has been used by over a billion people around the world.

Google Maps uses a combination of imagery, aerial data, and user-generated data to help users get to their destinations. This includes layers of information, such as traffic info, business info, and the routes of local buses. It also employs a number of sophisticated algorithms, including machine learning.

One of the biggest advantages of Google Maps is that it provides detailed location information. This is derived from Google’s understanding of the physical attributes of the natural world. Google uses this knowledge to map the world, and has mapped more than 60 million kilometres of roads.

Google Maps also features search and navigation tools. It has an API that allows it to be embedded on third-party websites. In addition, it offers the option of searching in incognito mode, and users can also toggle location history on or off.

Human Genome Project

Among the biggest advances in technology over the past 20 years is the Human Genome Project (HGP). The goal of the HGP was to sequence the genome of an average human. Before the Human Genome Project, scientists had been able to identify a few genes. However, due to limitations of DNA sequencing, crucial regions that account for about eight percent of the human genome remained hidden for more than two decades.

The HGP was built on a scientific foundation at national laboratories. DOE and NIH coordinated plans in 1990, and the Human Genome Project formally began October 1, 1990. The goal was to sequence three billion bases of DNA from the average human.

The project started with a memorandum of understanding between DOE and NIH. After the project was completed, scientists were able to access all the data. The reference genome, which is the genome of an average human, is now complete. This reference genome includes genetic variation in all regions of the genome for all humans.


Whether you’re a diehard Facebook user or not, you have probably heard of YouTube. It’s one of the best examples of how the internet has changed the way we communicate. YouTube is the hottest video sharing platform around and it has been around since 2005. You may have already noticed that the site has a huge library of video content. YouTube is a great place to view short form content in particular. In the future, you may see full screen vertical videos on the big screen. Similarly, YouTube has announced that it will be testing out the short form video format for some TV networks. Whether or not this will be a success is still to be seen.

YouTube is the brainchild of Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin, and it’s the best example of how social media is transforming the way we communicate. It has an eye-popping 2 billion users and has an impressive library of video content.


Graphene is the next-generation of materials, said to be the strongest on earth. It is the fastest conductor of electricity at room temperature and is also the thinnest material ever discovered.

Graphene is made up of individual carbon atoms that are arranged in a hexagonal pattern. It has pronounced “field effect” meaning that it can be manipulated to control the conductivity.

Graphene has a number of applications, including energy storage, energy conversion, and flexible electronics. However, the development of graphene will take time. Until then, scientists have been working to develop a cost-effective way to produce graphene at scale.

Graphene has been touted as the “wonder material” of the 21st century. However, scientists have discovered that graphene is no better than the materials it is based on.


During the last twenty years, Bluetooth has become one of the most important advances in tech. Not only does it allow mobile devices to connect seamlessly, but it also simplifies the mess of wired accessories that people have to carry. The technology is also used in many consumer tech products.

Bluetooth is a wireless communication protocol that operates in the unlicensed Industrial, Science, and Medical (ISM) band. It is commonly used for communication between wireless headsets, speakers, and microphones. It is also used to communicate vital data between sensors.

Bluetooth devices are vulnerable to attacks such as Bluesmack and MITM intrusions. Bluetooth has a wide range of encryption types to mitigate these risks. Its system also uses the Service Discovery Protocol, which allows devices to communicate with one another.


Founded in 2004, Facebook has become one of the most influential social networking sites in the world. It is used by over a billion users and hosts a variety of other services. It connects advertisers, local communities, and content producers.

Facebook has a number of features, including its News Feed, which shows users the most relevant content first. It also allows users to track shared memories. In 2013, Facebook introduced graph search, which allows users to find information about their social media connections.

Facebook also makes use of NoSQL database technology, such as Cassandra, to handle inbox search queries. The company has also introduced several SDKs to help developers build mobile apps.

Facebook also has a number of programmes for partners, which are aimed at connecting them with major agencies and advertisers. The “Great Apps Program” (GAP) was launched in 2008 and awarded grants to developers to build apps that would make users more engaged.

The Mars Rovers

Several rovers have successfully landed on the surface of Mars. These robotic vehicles are used by NASA to collect data. These vehicles are capable of flying hundreds of days on their own. They can be placed in sunny positions to weather the winter months.

In addition to exploring the surface of Mars, the robotic rovers will help with the design of future vehicles that will carry humans to Mars. The rovers will be able to guide the vehicles to areas with interesting features. The rovers will also collect data on weather conditions and the conditions of the Martian surface.

The robotic rovers will also help to determine the best wheels for the future vehicles that will carry astronauts to Mars. In addition to rovers, NASA is developing a spacesuit that will allow astronauts to perform tasks that are not possible on Apollo missions. The spacesuit will also help protect the astronauts while they are in space.

Electric Cars

During the last two decades, electric cars have made a comeback in the global car market. These vehicles are now competitive with conventional cars. EVs offer several advantages over conventional vehicles, including reduced emissions, lower maintenance costs and convenience. They are becoming increasingly affordable for consumers.

One of the most important features of an EV is its battery technology. New battery technologies are reducing the cost of EV batteries. Over the last 10 years, the price of lithium-ion batteries has decreased by nearly ninety percent.

Another important feature of an EV is its range. Some models have already exceeded the range of a fuel car. This is because electric cars are made of better materials than conventional cars.

Electric cars have also had an impact on air quality. They have been able to lower nitrogen oxide emissions by four percent. This is an impressive feat, especially when compared to gasoline powered cars.

Driverless Cars

During the last decade, driverless cars have made significant advances. They are able to detect obstacles and communicate with each other. Their abilities can reduce accidents and make driving safer. The use of these vehicles will likely be a major trend in the near future.

Driverless cars use GPS, radar, sonar, lidar, and cameras to navigate their way around the streets. They also use infrared sensors to detect objects in the vicinity.

Some of these vehicles are designed to meet Level 4 requirements. In fact, some of these vehicles have already been tested in Europe and the U.S. Eventually, the technology will be able to travel long distances without requiring a driver.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that 94% of serious crashes are caused by human error. While driverless cars are designed to avoid human errors, accidents still happen.

The Large Hadron Collider

Designed and built by the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) between 1998 and 2008, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest particle accelerator. It’s 17 miles in circumference and 330 feet deep. It’s located near the French-Swiss border outside Geneva.

The Large Hadron Collider is the world’s highest-energy particle collider. The first collisions were achieved at a combined energy of 6.5 TeV per beam.

The Large Hadron Collider’s primary mission is to discover new elementary particles. It also has the goal of studying Dark Matter. This will allow scientists to test theories about the universe, as well as improve technologies.

The Large Hadron Collider generates enormous amounts of data. Its detectors record results and transmit them to a series of computing nodes around the world. These data are then fed to a supercomputer for analysis.

AbioCor Artificial Heart

Developed by the Massachusetts-based company AbioMed, the AbioCor artificial heart is a self-contained mechanical heart that powers itself. The pump uses an internal lithium battery that is recharged by a transcutaneous energy transfer system. The system includes two artificial ventricles, corresponding valves, an electronic controller, and a hydraulic pump that mimics a normal human heartbeat.

The AbioCor artificial heart was originally designed to replace a human heart during heart transplant procedures. In seven hours, the heart was implanted in a man’s chest cavity. The artificial heart is made from two major domes and a special polyurethane material that helps to prevent blood clots.

The artificial heart was designed to pump 2.5 gallons of blood per minute. The pump is designed for adults weighing at least 300 pounds. The system also has a small compensation chamber on the right side of the heart that allows it to sense blood flow.

3D Printing

Among the many inventions that have transformed our world, 3D printing is one of the greatest advances of the last two decades. It’s an innovative process that uses a computer to design and build objects from the bottom up. With it, manufacturers can produce larger products faster, reduce costs, and eliminate waste.

In a short story titled “Things Pass By” written in 1945, sci-fi writer Murray Leinster describes a machine that can turn drawings into 3D objects. In 1971, the Teletype Corporation experimented with the idea. However, they were met with skepticism by labs in nearby neighborhoods.

By the late 1980s, Charles Hull had developed the first 3D printer. He was granted patents for the technology, and he eventually founded 3D Systems. In the early ’90s, he began expanding his patents to include non-liquids.

Amazon Kindle

Kindle is the e-reader that changed the way millions of people read. The device was inexpensive, easy to use, and had a long battery life. It also offered a full touch control panel. It was one of the first consumer devices made by Amazon.

Amazon’s Kindle helped make e-books a household name. They became very popular, and Amazon has expanded its consumer device line to include tablets and smart speakers. The company’s latest Kindle Paperwhite borrows features from the standard Kindle, while also adding some new features.

The Kindle Paperwhite’s new interface is designed to make it easier to find books. It also includes a home screen that displays recommended Kindle books. It also offers settings for airplane mode, Bluetooth, brightness, and more.

Amazon also launched a new software update that includes improved Goodreads integration. It also includes a new home screen layout and setup mode that lets you share your login information over Bluetooth.

Stem Cell Research

Embryonic stem cells (ESC) are an important component of regenerative medicine. They have the ability to develop into any cell type in the body. Using stem cells, scientists have been able to treat a wide range of diseases. They are also able to grow organ tissue.

Using ESCs in regenerative medicine has faced ethical challenges. Scientists have tried to find ways to preserve the life of embryos, while ensuring their safety for future use.

Stem cell research has been a game changer in medicine. Stem cell research can save millions of lives in the future. They can be used to treat diseases that are impossible to treat with traditional medicine.

Stem cells can also be used to create insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. They can also be used to repair damaged heart tissue. This process is called induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) therapy.

Multi-Use Rockets

Among the most significant advances in the field of space technology over the last two decades are hybrid rocket technologies. These technologies combine high performance fuels with safe oxidizers. Their use has been increasing in recent years. This has prompted optimism about the future of this technology.

Hybrid propulsion is a safe and cost-effective solution. It can be used in space tugs, planetary ascent stages, kick stages, and nanosatellites. However, this technology also has many limitations. It can be difficult to increase performance by adding solid fuel additives, and it has limited heritage in large motors.

High-performance rocket motors must minimize the fuel residues in the combustion chamber. They also need a dedicated fuel feeding system and complex cleaning procedures. In addition, operational safety depends on the ability to procure propellant.

Gene Editing

Among the biggest advances in tech over the last two decades, gene editing has provided a number of benefits to researchers. In particular, it has given them the ability to modify the human genome, which has increased the possibility of finding new treatments for a wide range of diseases. It is also helping to identify the underlying mechanisms of disease and has provided researchers with a more accurate cellular model for certain diseases.

In particular, CRISPR-associated nuclease Cas9 has been a game changer in the field of gene editing. It has made it possible to target the human genome and make modifications, including epigenetic, transcriptional and viral modifications. It has also led to the development of a number of new opportunities in cancer research.

Scientists are currently developing a number of other gene editing technologies, including RNA interference and base editors. These technologies offer superior control over existing methods. In addition, they offer improved efficiency and toxicity.